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Ongren County of Tibet

Time: 14-06-2018 This Article is Composed by BudgetTibetTour

Ongren County is situated in the middle reaches of the Yarlung Zangbo River, and lies in the western part of Shigatse. It abuts Xeitongmoin County and Lharze County in the east, Tingri in the south, and Ngari of Coqen in the southwest. The northern part is a stretch of no-man’s land. It borders on Nepal taking Cangdese Mountain as the eastern boundary, and is close to Nagqu in the north, as well as being part of the Shigatse area. The county is 397km west of Lhasa and 160km West of Shigatse.

It was known as Ongren Zong before, but in 1959 this was changed to Ongren County, becoming subordinated to Shigatse, with a total area of 13.000 square km and a population of 35,000.

Ongren County of Tibet

The topography is undulating and varied, with mountains, plain rivers, valleys, extensive grassland. It belongs to what it is called the “Dui area” (including Ngari) in Tibetan traditional history books. For example, the coterminous part of Ongren County and the Northern Grasslands was called “Lhaduichiang” or northern “Lhadui” in ancient times.

Since the 10th century, Ongren had been a small state named “Gungtang Zinho”. Both the research of Sperling and the records in history books show that the king ruling the small state was called “Changbo Daho”, meaning the Lord of the north. But they themselves claimed to be descendants of the Xixia royal family. In the Yuan Dynasty, Pagha of the Sagya Monastery divided the whole of Tibet into 13 I 0,000-Household Ollices”, and Changho Daho was granted the honorific title of the chief of the 10.000-Household Office. From then on, the place name of “Lhaduichiang” was found in the Chinese and Tibetan literature. What I am most interested in is the route by which the descendants of the Xixia royal family got here by and how they migrated.
We passed by the southern pan of Ongren. Along the Yarlung Zangbo River there are a lot of disturbed tombs of Beijing. The thesis for the first lime introduced systematically how the power of the Tuho Kingdom gradually disintegrated in the 9th Century and civil war broke out repeatedly alter Nam the Tubo Period. The Yarlung Zangbo River is the cradle of Tibetan culture. During a long stay, I took some photos and learned the structure and distribution characteristics of tumulus rock.

Ongren County of Tibet

Ongren also is the hometown of Tangdong Gyibo (1385- 1464), the founder of Tibetan Opera. As a child he helped grave the herds. When he grew up, he was tonsured to a monastery, and traveled everywhere. He studied all the doctrines of the Gagyu, Sagya and Nyingma sects and was expert at both the open and secret Tantric schools, so he was called “Tangdong Gyibo”, meaning the superior person. Legend has it that he built countless bridges throughout his life. The oldest iron-chain bridge, the Riwochi Bridge in Ongren, is the first iron-chain bridge built by him. This bridge was, according to the historical records, built in the 15th century, though, legend has it that it was built in the 14th century. Some people said that lie also built the famous Luding Bridge in the Western part of Sichuan.

In order to build the Riwochi Bridge, he organized people to perform Tibetan Opera to raise the necessary money. A few years ago, I got to know a white-haired foreign scholar at an international seminar on Tibetan studies. He intended to specialize in the deeds of Tangdong Glyibo, and wanted to walk to all the places where he had built iron-chain bridges. At the seminar, he introduced the golden dagoba in the Riwochi Monastery in Ongren County. This dagoba is very famous, and looks exactly alike one in the Palkor Monastery in Gyangze County. Seen from a long distance, it looks much like a pyramid.

Ongren County of Tibet

Local legend has it that this dagoba was built earlier than that of Palkor Monastery. Shortly after it was completed, a monk begging alms was very much attracted to the unique form and style of the structure, so be carved a radish into a model, took it to Gyangze, and used this to build the Dagoba there.

According to my knowledge, this is a monastery of the Gagyu Sect, inside which there is a figure of Tangdoflg Gyibo and some exquisite frescos. The third layer of the frescos, on which there is a dancing girl with the upper part of the body hare and wearing a skin that Sweeps the ground, not only has the style of the flying beauties at Dunhuang but also combines features of the Tibetan ethnic group. The others, like Buddhist warriors, are different in style, too. Their expressions are very rich, and whether they are angry, light-hearted, and peaceful or gentle, they display these emotions completely by movement and expression in their eyes.

In this area we also find the cliff carvings and statues alike that of Yushu of Qinghai and the Garma Monastery in Qamdo. It was pity that I just saw the excellent photos taken by a foreigner and could see them with my own eyes.

Other Travelers' Questions

The questions raised by our past customers can help you get a more clear picture about tours to Tibet, read them or tell us your own questions via the form on the right side, our specialists will reply you within 24 hours.

user portrait Mr. Mi*** from: Mount Kailash Tour from Kathmandu, Nepal

I want to do tour from Kathmondu, coming from USA. what do you recommand in August 2019? Thanks.

Answered by Nancy

Dear Mr. Mi***, 

Greetings from Nancy at Budget Tibet tour, and I am glad to be at your service. Please kindly let me know your nationality firstly since your tour will be involved with Kailash. If you will enter Tibet from Kathmandu, you must leave 3 working days in Kathmandu for you to apply your China visa there, and also if you would like to visit Kailash for sure, I recommend you fly from Kathmandu to Lhasa to join in a group tour as almost all the group tour start from Lhasa. I recommend you to fly to China from USA then go to Kathmandu after the tour as we can drop off you at the border so you can go Kathmandu by overland. Anyway I will send you more details by email. Best regards. 


Email to Nancy about any question or tell us your own questions via the form on the right side

user portrait Mr. Ge*** from: 1 Day Lhasa World Heritages Tour

Dear we are a couple planning to travel from Kathmandu to Lhasa on march 2020 by flight.
We eould like to know the price for the 1 day Lhasa tour
Can we stay 2 additional days without tour-guide ? what about the price of tibet visa??


regards!

Ge***

Answered by Helen

Dear Mr. Ge***,

Thanks very much for your enquiry. Please kindly note that the Tibet will closed to foreign tourists in March every year, I was wondering whether you could adjust your travel time or not. Sure, we can arrange 1 day Lhasa private tour for you, the quotation is based on your travel time. Please check your email for more details. Warm regards,


Email to Helen about any question or tell us your own questions via the form on the right side

user portrait Mr. Ma*** from: 18 days Tibet Mount Kailash & Guge Kingdom Expedition

Hello there

I am favouring with one of your tours including the pilgrimage around mount kailash.
What is the level of fitness required ?
I am female, 54 years old and I gues medium fit. I dont do too much sports but regularly hiking.
The timeframe for me would be mid May until Mid june.

Thanks

Ma***

Answered by Nancy

Dear Ma***, 

Greetings from Nancy at Budget Tibet tour, and I am glad to be at your service. As we do not have group to Guge, but we do have 15days Lhasa to Kailash trekking pilgrim tour on 15th May and 10th June, both dates are available for you to join in. 10th June group tour will come cross the Saga Dawa festival in Kailash on 17th June, so if you can make it that would be great. Your age is quite young, please worry free, and most of our clients were your same age, some are more than 70 years old even did the tour quite well, and 3days pilgrim tour would be no problem. You will leave most of your luggage in hotel, and carry the necessary stuff, and also there are some tea house there providing hot water, simple food and basic shelter for sleeping, but of course please do not expect too high about it. And we will do the outer circle for the pilgrim trekking which will be 54km in total. I will send you more details to your email please check it there. Best regards.  


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