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Ongren County of Tibet

Time: 14-06-2018 This Article is Composed by BudgetTibetTour

Ongren County is situated in the middle reaches of the Yarlung Zangbo River, and lies in the western part of Shigatse. It abuts Xeitongmoin County and Lharze County in the east, Tingri in the south, and Ngari of Coqen in the southwest. The northern part is a stretch of no-man’s land. It borders on Nepal taking Cangdese Mountain as the eastern boundary, and is close to Nagqu in the north, as well as being part of the Shigatse area. The county is 397km west of Lhasa and 160km West of Shigatse.

It was known as Ongren Zong before, but in 1959 this was changed to Ongren County, becoming subordinated to Shigatse, with a total area of 13.000 square km and a population of 35,000.

Ongren County of Tibet

The topography is undulating and varied, with mountains, plain rivers, valleys, extensive grassland. It belongs to what it is called the “Dui area” (including Ngari) in Tibetan traditional history books. For example, the coterminous part of Ongren County and the Northern Grasslands was called “Lhaduichiang” or northern “Lhadui” in ancient times.

Since the 10th century, Ongren had been a small state named “Gungtang Zinho”. Both the research of Sperling and the records in history books show that the king ruling the small state was called “Changbo Daho”, meaning the Lord of the north. But they themselves claimed to be descendants of the Xixia royal family. In the Yuan Dynasty, Pagha of the Sagya Monastery divided the whole of Tibet into 13 I 0,000-Household Ollices”, and Changho Daho was granted the honorific title of the chief of the 10.000-Household Office. From then on, the place name of “Lhaduichiang” was found in the Chinese and Tibetan literature. What I am most interested in is the route by which the descendants of the Xixia royal family got here by and how they migrated.
We passed by the southern pan of Ongren. Along the Yarlung Zangbo River there are a lot of disturbed tombs of Beijing. The thesis for the first lime introduced systematically how the power of the Tuho Kingdom gradually disintegrated in the 9th Century and civil war broke out repeatedly alter Nam the Tubo Period. The Yarlung Zangbo River is the cradle of Tibetan culture. During a long stay, I took some photos and learned the structure and distribution characteristics of tumulus rock.

Ongren County of Tibet

Ongren also is the hometown of Tangdong Gyibo (1385- 1464), the founder of Tibetan Opera. As a child he helped grave the herds. When he grew up, he was tonsured to a monastery, and traveled everywhere. He studied all the doctrines of the Gagyu, Sagya and Nyingma sects and was expert at both the open and secret Tantric schools, so he was called “Tangdong Gyibo”, meaning the superior person. Legend has it that he built countless bridges throughout his life. The oldest iron-chain bridge, the Riwochi Bridge in Ongren, is the first iron-chain bridge built by him. This bridge was, according to the historical records, built in the 15th century, though, legend has it that it was built in the 14th century. Some people said that lie also built the famous Luding Bridge in the Western part of Sichuan.

In order to build the Riwochi Bridge, he organized people to perform Tibetan Opera to raise the necessary money. A few years ago, I got to know a white-haired foreign scholar at an international seminar on Tibetan studies. He intended to specialize in the deeds of Tangdong Glyibo, and wanted to walk to all the places where he had built iron-chain bridges. At the seminar, he introduced the golden dagoba in the Riwochi Monastery in Ongren County. This dagoba is very famous, and looks exactly alike one in the Palkor Monastery in Gyangze County. Seen from a long distance, it looks much like a pyramid.

Ongren County of Tibet

Local legend has it that this dagoba was built earlier than that of Palkor Monastery. Shortly after it was completed, a monk begging alms was very much attracted to the unique form and style of the structure, so be carved a radish into a model, took it to Gyangze, and used this to build the Dagoba there.

According to my knowledge, this is a monastery of the Gagyu Sect, inside which there is a figure of Tangdoflg Gyibo and some exquisite frescos. The third layer of the frescos, on which there is a dancing girl with the upper part of the body hare and wearing a skin that Sweeps the ground, not only has the style of the flying beauties at Dunhuang but also combines features of the Tibetan ethnic group. The others, like Buddhist warriors, are different in style, too. Their expressions are very rich, and whether they are angry, light-hearted, and peaceful or gentle, they display these emotions completely by movement and expression in their eyes.

In this area we also find the cliff carvings and statues alike that of Yushu of Qinghai and the Garma Monastery in Qamdo. It was pity that I just saw the excellent photos taken by a foreigner and could see them with my own eyes.

Other Travelers' Questions

The questions raised by our past customers can help you get a more clear picture about tours to Tibet, read them or tell us your own questions via the form on the right side, our specialists will reply you within 24 hours.

user portrait Ms. Dita from: Available small group tours join in 2018&2019
Hi, I'm coming to Kathmandu at 21th november and staying till 7th december and in between I would like to go to Tibet. I would like to know how much would it cost and what are the posibilities to get there from Kathmandu?
Thank you!
Answered by Helen

Dear Ms. Dita,

Thank you very much for your inquiry and welcome you to join our tour. Entering Tibet from Kathmandu, you need to apply for the Chinese group visa in Kathmandu, which will cost your 3 or 4 working days. If you arrive in Kathmandu on 21st Nov, you can start to apply for the group visa on 22nd Nov, then you’ll get your visa on 26th Nov (24th and 25th are weekend). We currently have departure date on 27th Nov for 4 days Lhasa city tour, 6 days Lhasa – Shigatse tour, 8 days Tibet Mt. Everest tour. You can fly from Kathmandu to Lhasa on 27th and join any tour that you prefer. I will send the detailed itinerary to your email, please check it. Best wishes.

Email to Helen about any question or tell us your own questions via the form on the right side

user portrait Mr. Valentine Thompson from: 7 Days Lhasa to Kathmandu Tour via Everest Base Camp
Please help! I'm interested in this trip: 7-day Lhasa to Kathmandu via EBC.

Kind regards,

Valentine
Answered by Helen

Dear Mr. Valentine Thompson, 

 Thank you very much for your inquiry. Please tell me when you will start your Tibet tour, and how many persons together. Travelling Tibet, you need one Tibet Permit, and we will apply for the permit for you, which requires your passport and Chinese visa (clear scan or photo copy). I will send the detailed itinerary to you, please check your email. Warm regards.

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user portrait Mr. Amal from: Mount Kailash and Lake Manasarovar
Hi,
Do you arrange flight from Kathmandu to Hilsa. I like to do full Quora and manas Sarovar.
Answered by Helen

Dear Mr. Amal,

Greetings from Helen at Budget Tibet Tour, Thanks for visiting our website and sending your inquiry. Normally it is better for clients to book the international flights on their own as if there is emergency of the flights, the air company can contact you directly. If you are Indian passport holders, sorry we cannot apply Tibet permit for you to Kailash, but you are welcome to visit other places except Kailash and Manasarovar Lake. Best regards to you.

Email to Helen about any question or tell us your own questions via the form on the right side

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7 Days Lhasa to Kathmandu Tour via Everest Base Camp