* The foot of the highest mountain in the world.
Mount Qomolangma, also known as Mt. Everest, meaning Mother Goddess of the Universe in Tibetan, is the highest mountain in the world above sea level, and the highest point on the Earth's continental crust, as measured by the height above sea level of its summit, 8,848 meters (29,029 feet). Hence the laudatory title “the Third Pole of the Earth” .The Mountain, which is part of the Himalaya range in Asia, is located on the border between the southern in Sagarmatha Zone, Nepal, and the northern brae in Tingri County of Tibet, China, capped with accumulated eternal snow. The North Col of Everest is located in Tinggri (Shegar). Massive glaciers and seracs feature a thrilling splendor. Its snow peak sends out silver radiance year after year. Its waist is hidden in the clouds. It is surrounded by towering mountains, more than 40 of which are over 7,000 meters and there are four peaks above 8,000 meters high. They include the famous Lhotse (8643 meters) and Makalu (8463 meters) to the southeast. There are other first-rate peaks beyond Kangchenjunga (8,586 meters), is to the southwest, and to the west stand Gyachung Kang (7,986 meters), Cho Oyu (8,201 meters) and Gasherbrum (8,027 meters), which form a soul-stirring picture of Mt. Qomolangma natural scenery area.
The area of Mt. Everest has been built as one of the national natural reserves, wherein live thousands of kinds of plants, hundreds of varieties of wild animals and dense virgin forests. Many of these are precious and rare, like the first-class protected animal ounces and the valuable timber sandals, etc.
Starting 30 kilometers (20 miles) south from New Tinggri, one will reach a checkpoint. 11 kilometers (7miles) west of the checkpoint, a new road and an old one turn off south to Everest Base Camp. A 78-kilometer (48-mile) trek leads to Rongbuk Monastery, which is the highest monastery on the earth. Its altitude is 5,100 meters (16728 feet). The monastery was founded in 1899, as a Nyingmapa monastery, it was said that once Padmasambhava, founder of Nyingmapa, proceeded his religious cultivation here. The monastery, having 8 sub-monasteries including a nunnery, was destroyed in the Cultural Revolution, is gradually being restored.
It houses Lamas and nuns in the same monastery. Sakyamuni and Padmasambhava are enshrined in the small temple. Pilgrims treks a long way to pay votive offerings or see lamas playing operas during big Buddhist days.
Rongbuk has a hostel having 100 beds. A dinning room and a store, where tourists and mountaineers could cook and beer are also available. 300 meters (980 feet) south of the monastery is the famous Rongbuk Glacier. A distance of 10 kilometers (6 miles) lies between the monastery and Everest Base Camp.
The peak has been a holy climbing attraction for world's mountaineers. It attracts all levels of climbers from well-experienced mountaineers to novices. It has two main climbing routes, the southeast ridge from Nepal and the northeast ridge from China, of which the former ridge is technically easier. In recent years, more and more mountaineers start from the Everest Base Camp trying to conquer the world's highest peak while tourists trek to the foot of the peak to enjoy its beauty.