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Flora and Fauna in Mt. Everest Nature Reserve

Situated at the southern end of the ancient northern pole of bio-geographic terrain, by combing the natural geographic features of the Tibetan plateau and the Himalayas, the Mt. Everest Nature Reserve boasts unique natural characteristics the north side of Mt. Everest Nature Reserve, the chief section of the region is southern Tibet- spread with the mountains, deep valleys, lakes and basins characteristically featured in cold and semi-arid plateau continental climates. The region is covered with alpine shrub and typical grassland ecological system. Animals found in this part of the Mt. Everest Nature Reserve are mainly those categorized in the Gubei Group (those of northern Asia. in the Himalayas and near Mt. Qinling).

Mt. Everest
Mt. Everest

The terrain of the river valleys towards the south features the physiognomy of alpine valleys and due to influence from the Indian Ocean, the climate tends to be warm and humid. The river valleys are classified as part of the humid alpine forest ecological system, and the flora consists mainly of Chinese-Himalayan plants. Animals in this part of the Mt. Everest Nature Reserve are predominantly of the Dongyang Group (those found in south Asia. in the Himalayas and near Mt. Qinling). With such a unique natural environment, the Mt. Everest Nature Reserve is enriched with many categories of rare and endangered species. Animals that are considered especially rare or are suffering rapid decline are watched over under various levels of state protection. From the Dongyang Group, those that fall under national level protection include presbytis entellus, assamese macaque. Himalaya tahr, leopard, and the red chest pheasant. Under the second level protection are ailurus fulgens, black bear, otter, and forest panda. red panda. Himalaya musk deer, barking deer. goral. and ithaginis cruentus, From the Gubei Group, the national first level protected animals include the snow leopard,Tibetan wild donkey, and the black-neck crane. The national second level protection animals include the Tibetan musk deer, ovis ammon, pseudois nayaur, blue sheep, lynx, brown bear, tetraogallus Tibetanus, gypa hirnalayensis, fish hawk, and short ear hawk. The plants under national level protection include magnolia, Tibetan cuckoopint, crabapple, panax pseudoginseng, picea smithiana. Himalayan longleaf pine. picrorhiz rhizome, and Himalayan yew, as well as taxus wallichiana, Siberian cypress, meconopsis poppy, clematis Montana, and saussur gossypiphora.

Tibetan Blue Sheep
Tibetan Blue Sheep

Apart from those rare and endangered flora and fauna scattered throughout the Mt. Everest Nature Reserve, there are also many rare fauna located in specific narrow areas; for instance, langur. Himalaya assamese and Himalaya tahr only exist at the southern region of the Himalayas. The most remarkable animal at this area is the snow leopard, classified as the featured animal of central Asia and the symbol animal of the Mt. Everest Nature Reserve.

Vegetation at EBC
Vegetation at EBC

According to the survey, the ecological system in Mt. Everest Nature Reserve consisting of the semi-humid massif forest area in the south wing and semi- arid shrub grassland area in the north wing of the Himalayas is an especially fragile ecological system. Therefore the protection of this region is of utmost important.

Snow Leopard
Snow Leopard

Two kinds of terrains form Mt. Everest Nature Reserve: Himalayan massif terrain and plateau terrain with widen valley and lakes. The topography in the region changes vertically quite dramatically, which results in climate Variation and biodiversity, In the south wing of Himalayas, the massif forest ecological system is composed of series Vertical ecological systems; following the changing topography and the climate, different plant pedigrees are distributed vertically from the lowest Point to the highest point there are alpine sub - tropical evergreen and semi - evergreen broadleaf trees, alpine warm-belt evergreen coniferous trees, sub - alpine cold-belt shrub grassland, alpine cold-belt iceberg and snow covered ecological system: in the north wing of Himalayas. It includes ecological system of alpine semi - arid shrub, and the grassland ecological system consists of the ecological system of plateau sub-frigid shrub grassland, alpine sub-frigid grassland, and alpine cold-belt iceberg and snow - covered land. Biodiversity is particularly rich in these various ecological systems. Based on the survey, there are 2100 plants, 20 gymnosperms, 222 brakes, 472 moss, 172 lichens, 136 fungus, 53 mammals, 20 birds. 10 fish, 8 amphibious animals, and 6 reptiles. The Mt. Everest Nature Reserve is the most important natural preserve for biodiversity.

Travelers' Questions Might Help

The questions raised by our past customers can help you get a more clear picture about tours to Tibet, read them or tell us your own questions via the form on the right side, our specialists will reply you within 24 hours.

user portrait Mr. St*** from: Kailash Circuit ( 18 Days )

ello, we are willing to organized a tour of Kailash from Lhassa for a group of 4 persons (3 french and 1 from Kazakstan) around end of august. Could you provide a private tour for 4 persons ? and for what price ?

Thank you very much

St***

Answered by Helen

Dear St***, 

Greetings from Helen at Budget Tibet Tour, thanks for visiting our website and sending your inquiry. I do not know if your friend who hold Kazakstan can apply China visa, as it is quite strict for them to get China visa, and almost the embassy would turn them down. So please tell your friend about it. No offence, and we had Kazakstan clients before but failed to get China visa so cannot come to join in the tour. If there are 3 or 4 of you, and I just wonder whether it will be OK for you to join in a group tour, and we have the group tour on 12th Sept, which I can provide you some discount if all of you would like to join in, and also our group size is 4 to 12 people, so not large group.  I will provide you the private tour quote too with 3 people and 4 people and also you can start it in Aug or Sept any time you want. And 30th Aug. will be Tibet Shoton festival which will last about 1 week in Lhasa, and the highlight will be the first day in Drepung Monastry for Thangka Buddha Show there. Best regards.

Email to Helen about any question or tell us your own questions via the form on the right side

user portrait Ms. jo*** from: 10 Days Tibet Mt. Everest Base Camp plus Namtso Lake Group Tour

hi

I am interested in your 10D Tibet Mt. Everest Base Camp plus Namtso Lake Group Tour for the departure date on 20 May. However I may likely book the flight arriving Lhasa on 17 May. is it possible to arrange the Tibet tour permit from 17 May before start of tour?

as my flight will be arriving at around 6pm after the free airport pick up time, can I take the airport shuttle bus by myself to my accommodation without a guide? how do I arrange pick up from my own-arranged hotel to the hotel booked by this tour on day 1 of itinerary?

also I am booking for one pax only and will like to share room. currently only one pax has booked. may I know if there is a minimum group size for the tour to be confirmed? or will it be last minute cancelled if the tour booking does not meet the minimum pax requirement.?

Answered by Helen

Dear Ms. jo***,

Thanks very much for your inquiry, and we currently have one departure date on 20th of May, you are quite welcome to join us! I was wondering whether you could fly to Lhasa on 20th or not. Well, you can also arrive in Lhasa on 17th, but there is extra fee. When you arrive in Lhasa at 6pm of 17th, you'll miss our free pick up on 20th, please note that you can't take bus or taxi from airport to hotel by yourself, because when you enter Lhasa, you must be escorted with a guide according to the policy (there will be policeman check-point on the way from airport to downtown), so the guide will pick you up at the airport and help you pass the check-point, and there is extra pick up fee. There is one tourist who has booked this tour, but he will stay in a single room. We will try our best to find a roommate for you, but if we fail, I was wondering whether you mind staying in guesthouse (dorm-bed, public bathroom, with breakfast), which can avoid single room supplement fee for you. The minimum group size is two persons, now there is one tourist has booked this tour, if you book this tour, there are two persons together, we won't cancel it. I will send detailed itinerary to you by email, please check it. Warm regards.


Email to Helen about any question or tell us your own questions via the form on the right side

user portrait Mr. Ro*** from: Mount Kailash Tour Cost

Hi ,

Can I get information to do the Inner Kora Darshan of Mount Kailash. I am planning to start my tour from Lhasa. Appreciate if you could provide details//// Tour Operators . Please note I will flying from Canada to Lhasa and I do have a mutiple Chinese Visa.

Answered by Helen

Dear Mr. Ro***, 

Greetings from Helen at Budget Tibet Tour, thanks for visiting our website and sending your inquiry. Normally people are not allowed to take the Inner Kora unless they finish the 13 circles outside kora, so at present we never managed it successful for the inner Kora tour there. And we only have the 15 days Tibet Mount Kailash Trekking plus Mt. Everest Base Camp tour available every month from April to Oct. Please kindly let me know when you would like to do this tour? So I can recommend you the proper date. Your visa will be No problem for us to apply Tibet permit. I will send you more details by email. Best regards.


Email to Helen about any question or tell us your own questions via the form on the right side

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7 Days Lhasa to Kathmandu Tour via Everest Base Camp