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Flora and Fauna in Mt. Everest Nature Reserve

Situated at the southern end of the ancient northern pole of bio-geographic terrain, by combing the natural geographic features of the Tibetan plateau and the Himalayas, the Mt. Everest Nature Reserve boasts unique natural characteristics the north side of Mt. Everest Nature Reserve, the chief section of the region is southern Tibet- spread with the mountains, deep valleys, lakes and basins characteristically featured in cold and semi-arid plateau continental climates. The region is covered with alpine shrub and typical grassland ecological system. Animals found in this part of the Mt. Everest Nature Reserve are mainly those categorized in the Gubei Group (those of northern Asia. in the Himalayas and near Mt. Qinling).

Mt. Everest
Mt. Everest

The terrain of the river valleys towards the south features the physiognomy of alpine valleys and due to influence from the Indian Ocean, the climate tends to be warm and humid. The river valleys are classified as part of the humid alpine forest ecological system, and the flora consists mainly of Chinese-Himalayan plants. Animals in this part of the Mt. Everest Nature Reserve are predominantly of the Dongyang Group (those found in south Asia. in the Himalayas and near Mt. Qinling). With such a unique natural environment, the Mt. Everest Nature Reserve is enriched with many categories of rare and endangered species. Animals that are considered especially rare or are suffering rapid decline are watched over under various levels of state protection. From the Dongyang Group, those that fall under national level protection include presbytis entellus, assamese macaque. Himalaya tahr, leopard, and the red chest pheasant. Under the second level protection are ailurus fulgens, black bear, otter, and forest panda. red panda. Himalaya musk deer, barking deer. goral. and ithaginis cruentus, From the Gubei Group, the national first level protected animals include the snow leopard,Tibetan wild donkey, and the black-neck crane. The national second level protection animals include the Tibetan musk deer, ovis ammon, pseudois nayaur, blue sheep, lynx, brown bear, tetraogallus Tibetanus, gypa hirnalayensis, fish hawk, and short ear hawk. The plants under national level protection include magnolia, Tibetan cuckoopint, crabapple, panax pseudoginseng, picea smithiana. Himalayan longleaf pine. picrorhiz rhizome, and Himalayan yew, as well as taxus wallichiana, Siberian cypress, meconopsis poppy, clematis Montana, and saussur gossypiphora.

Tibetan Blue Sheep
Tibetan Blue Sheep

Apart from those rare and endangered flora and fauna scattered throughout the Mt. Everest Nature Reserve, there are also many rare fauna located in specific narrow areas; for instance, langur. Himalaya assamese and Himalaya tahr only exist at the southern region of the Himalayas. The most remarkable animal at this area is the snow leopard, classified as the featured animal of central Asia and the symbol animal of the Mt. Everest Nature Reserve.

Vegetation at EBC
Vegetation at EBC

According to the survey, the ecological system in Mt. Everest Nature Reserve consisting of the semi-humid massif forest area in the south wing and semi- arid shrub grassland area in the north wing of the Himalayas is an especially fragile ecological system. Therefore the protection of this region is of utmost important.

Snow Leopard
Snow Leopard

Two kinds of terrains form Mt. Everest Nature Reserve: Himalayan massif terrain and plateau terrain with widen valley and lakes. The topography in the region changes vertically quite dramatically, which results in climate Variation and biodiversity, In the south wing of Himalayas, the massif forest ecological system is composed of series Vertical ecological systems; following the changing topography and the climate, different plant pedigrees are distributed vertically from the lowest Point to the highest point there are alpine sub - tropical evergreen and semi - evergreen broadleaf trees, alpine warm-belt evergreen coniferous trees, sub - alpine cold-belt shrub grassland, alpine cold-belt iceberg and snow covered ecological system: in the north wing of Himalayas. It includes ecological system of alpine semi - arid shrub, and the grassland ecological system consists of the ecological system of plateau sub-frigid shrub grassland, alpine sub-frigid grassland, and alpine cold-belt iceberg and snow - covered land. Biodiversity is particularly rich in these various ecological systems. Based on the survey, there are 2100 plants, 20 gymnosperms, 222 brakes, 472 moss, 172 lichens, 136 fungus, 53 mammals, 20 birds. 10 fish, 8 amphibious animals, and 6 reptiles. The Mt. Everest Nature Reserve is the most important natural preserve for biodiversity.

Other Travelers' Questions

The questions raised by our past customers can help you get a more clear picture about tours to Tibet, read them or tell us your own questions via the form on the right side, our specialists will reply you within 24 hours.

user portrait Mr. Mi*** from: Mount Kailash Tour from Kathmandu, Nepal

I want to do tour from Kathmondu, coming from USA. what do you recommand in August 2019? Thanks.

Answered by Nancy

Dear Mr. Mi***, 

Greetings from Nancy at Budget Tibet tour, and I am glad to be at your service. Please kindly let me know your nationality firstly since your tour will be involved with Kailash. If you will enter Tibet from Kathmandu, you must leave 3 working days in Kathmandu for you to apply your China visa there, and also if you would like to visit Kailash for sure, I recommend you fly from Kathmandu to Lhasa to join in a group tour as almost all the group tour start from Lhasa. I recommend you to fly to China from USA then go to Kathmandu after the tour as we can drop off you at the border so you can go Kathmandu by overland. Anyway I will send you more details by email. Best regards. 

Email to Nancy about any question or tell us your own questions via the form on the right side

user portrait Mr. Ge*** from: 1 Day Lhasa World Heritages Tour

Dear we are a couple planning to travel from Kathmandu to Lhasa on march 2020 by flight.
We eould like to know the price for the 1 day Lhasa tour
Can we stay 2 additional days without tour-guide ? what about the price of tibet visa??



Answered by Helen

Dear Mr. Ge***,

Thanks very much for your enquiry. Please kindly note that the Tibet will closed to foreign tourists in March every year, I was wondering whether you could adjust your travel time or not. Sure, we can arrange 1 day Lhasa private tour for you, the quotation is based on your travel time. Please check your email for more details. Warm regards,

Email to Helen about any question or tell us your own questions via the form on the right side

user portrait Mr. Ma*** from: 18 days Tibet Mount Kailash & Guge Kingdom Expedition

Hello there

I am favouring with one of your tours including the pilgrimage around mount kailash.
What is the level of fitness required ?
I am female, 54 years old and I gues medium fit. I dont do too much sports but regularly hiking.
The timeframe for me would be mid May until Mid june.



Answered by Nancy

Dear Ma***, 

Greetings from Nancy at Budget Tibet tour, and I am glad to be at your service. As we do not have group to Guge, but we do have 15days Lhasa to Kailash trekking pilgrim tour on 15th May and 10th June, both dates are available for you to join in. 10th June group tour will come cross the Saga Dawa festival in Kailash on 17th June, so if you can make it that would be great. Your age is quite young, please worry free, and most of our clients were your same age, some are more than 70 years old even did the tour quite well, and 3days pilgrim tour would be no problem. You will leave most of your luggage in hotel, and carry the necessary stuff, and also there are some tea house there providing hot water, simple food and basic shelter for sleeping, but of course please do not expect too high about it. And we will do the outer circle for the pilgrim trekking which will be 54km in total. I will send you more details to your email please check it there. Best regards.  

Email to Nancy about any question or tell us your own questions via the form on the right side

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7 Days Lhasa to Kathmandu Tour via Everest Base Camp